Sistergirl and Brotherboy are genders Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people's culture who. The terms are not analogous to transfem and transmasc as understood in non-Indigenous LGBTA community, and were coined directly by Indigenous people.

A person who describes themself as a sistergirl or brotherboy is understood to live their life through gendered experience that isn't consistent with their assigned gender. This includes gender identity but also cultural identity, social role, and other gendered aspects of the Indigenous cultural worldview. Because of this, the terms do not explicitly refer to people who may otherwise be described as transgender.

A sistergirl may be a transgender woman, a transfeminine nonbinary person, a feminine gay man, a drag queen, or any other permutation.

A brotherboy may a transgender man, a transmasculine non-binary person, a masculine lesbian/sapphic person, a drag king, or an otherwise butch person.

Sistergirls and brotherboys may not consider themselves to be identified as the gender the word may imply; one may be a sistergirl but not a woman.

Like many concepts of gender from Indigenous peoples, the Indigenous Australian concepts of gender, including sistergirls and brotherboys, is not best understood in terms of western gender-descriptive language, and should not be misunderstood as being a term for transgender people. Indigenous culture surrounding gender in so-called Australia was affected by white invasion which attempted to enforce gender role based on physicality rather than spirituality - based on body parts instead of internal gender experience. Indigenous culture around Australia varies and many sistergirls and brotherboys are subject to homo- and transphobia in their communities, a significant deal of which is due to colonial enforcement of strict gender.


"Indigenous" with a capital "I" is the correct way of referring to Indigenous Australians, as opposed to indigenous with no capitalisation, which refers to native peoples in general.


  1. Being Brotherboys (NITV)
  2. What is a Brotherboy or Sistergirl?
  3. LGBTI Aboriginal People: Diversity at the Margins