Bissu is a gender from the Bugis culture of southern Indonesia. Bissu are often called "gender-transcendent" or "meta-gender" and represent all aspects of gender combined to form a whole. Many, but not all Bissu are intersex. Bissu play an important role in religious ceremonies, they act as priests, give blessings, giving guidance, and are seen as intermediaries between the people and the gods. In daily social life bissu may enter the dwelling places and the villages of both men and women.
Prior to western influence the Bissu people recognized five genders, the other four are: oroane (cisgender men), makkunrai (cisgender women), calabai (roughly equivalent to transgender women), and calalai (roughly equivalent to transgender men), which combine to form the "meta-gender" of bissu. These genders are still recognized by many Bissu people, mainly those who practice the pre-Islamic religion of the area. It is believed that all five genders must live in harmony for there to be peace in the world, thus the Bugis respect all genders, or at least try in modern times.
The flag was designed by an anonymous submitter to the Tumblr blog ask-pride-color-schemes on December 21, 2016. The color red is significant in Indonesian culture- it's on the Indonesian flag and symbolizes joy and good luck. Yellow is often associated with women, and white with men.
- Mark Anderson (2016-08-15). "Beyond Binary: Five genders of the Bugis". Akkadium College. Retrieved 2020-12-28.