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[[Category:Sexuality]]
 
[[Category:Sexuality]]
[[Category:Identity]]
 
 
[[Category:Gender-Loving-Gender]]
 
[[Category:Gender-Loving-Gender]]
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{{Sexuality Info|title1=|image1=Achilleanflag.png|caption1=The achillean flag.|gender(s):=Man or man-aligned|gender(s)_attracted_to:=Men or man-aligned (exclusively or not)}}
[[File:Achilleanflag.png|thumb|215x215px|The achillean flag.|alt=A flag with three even stripes. The top and bottom stripes are blue, the middle is white. In the center is a stylized carnation, the petals are light green and the leaves are dark green.|link=https://lgbta.wikia.org/wiki/File:Achilleanflag.png]]'''Achillean '''(also known as '''Men Loving Men''' ('''MLM'''), '''Apollian,''' '''Chaeronean,''' and '''Chaeronic''') refers to a man, or [[masculine]]-aligned person who is attracted to other men or men-aligned people. This attraction doesn't have to be exclusive, as the label is used in a way to unify all men who love other men such as [[gay]] ([[vincian]]) men, [[bisexual]] men, [[pansexual]] men, etc, promoting solidarity among men of all identities. Since achillean is an umbrella term, it is typically not used as an identity on it's own, however it can be if desired.
 
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'''Achillean''', also known as '''men-loving men''' ('''MLM'''), '''apollian''', '''chaeronean''', or '''wildean''' refers to a [[man]] or man-[[Gender Alignment|aligned]] person who is attracted to other men or man-aligned people. One may or may not be attracted to other genders as well. This attraction does not need to be exclusive, as the label is used in a way to unify under an [[Umbrella term|umbrella]] all men who love other men, including [[gay]] ([[vincian]] or [[uranian]]) men, [[bisexual]] men, [[pansexual]] men, [[queer]] men, and other [[Multisexual|m-spec]] men, promoting solidarity among all of these identities.
   
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The term can be used as a modifier combined with other identities to specify that one prioritizes their attraction to and relationships with other men. It may also be used as an identity on its own and may be particularly useful for people who know they are attracted to men but may be uncertain if they are attracted to other genders. It can also be used to describe a relationship between two men.
The [[feminine]] counterpart to achillean is [[sapphic]]. The [[Non-Binary|non-binary]] counterpart is [[enbian]].
 
==History==
 
The word achillean has historically been used to describe things relating to Achilles. The first instance of achillean being used in the context of MLM is likely a 2016 post by Tumblr user Asculan<ref>http://archive.is/c3Rag</ref>.
 
==Flag==
 
The achillean flag has two blue stripes on the top and bottom representing men. In the center is a green carnation. In ancient Rome and 19th century England green indicated gay affiliations. Victorian men would often pin a green carnation on their lapel as popularized by author Oscar Wilde.
 
   
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It can be used as the non-exclusive counterpart to vincian. Vincian and achillean are the men-loving-men counterpart to [[turian]] and [[floric]].
An alternative flag uses a darker blue with a green stripe alongside the green carnation, with the same symbolism.
 
   
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All of the [[feminine]] counterparts to vincian, achillean, turian, and floric are [[lesbian]], [[sapphic]], [[faunic]], and [[daunic]], respectively.
The original achillean flag had the same two blue stripes on the top and bottom representing men as the current flag. In the center was a realistic green carnation, but this flag was too complicated for many and could not easily be made in vector formats, leading to the creation of the current flag.
 
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==Etymology==
 
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The [[Non-Binary|non-binary]] counterparts are [[diamoric]] and [[enbian]].
The word achillean comes from the name of the hero in the Iliad, Achilles, who was romantically involved with another man, Patroclus.<gallery navigation="true">
 
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File:Achilleanflag.png|Achillean flag|link=https://ask-pride-color-schemes.tumblr.com/post/151092891459/simplified-achillean-flag
 
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== Other Terms ==
File:Achillean_flag.jpg|An alternate Achillean flag
 
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There are many other terms used to refer to non-exclusive attraction to men, often referring to Ancient Greek and Roman literary figures as well as gay rights activists and artists since the 16th century. These terms include:
File:tumblr_inline_oe9bm0Zkb81re2bou_400.png|The original achillean flag
 
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* Apollian or Apollonian, in honor of the Ancient Greek and Roman deity Apollo.<ref>[https://cockyroaches.tumblr.com/post/183383188298/proposed-apollianapollonian-flag-based-on Tumblr post coining apollian.] </ref>
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* Wildean, in honor of writer Oscar Wilde.<ref>[https://www.tumblr.com/blog/view/gaypunching/146061210724 Tumblr post coining wildean.]</ref>
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* Chaeronean, based on the Order of Chaeronea was started in 1897 by early gay rights activist George Cecil Ives.<ref>[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Order_of_Chaeronea Wikipedia entry on the Order of Chaeronea.]</ref><ref>[https://charleyparkhurst.tumblr.com/post/146589950606/okay-so-i-know-a-lot-of-mlm-have-been-looking-for Tumblr post coining chaeronean.]</ref>
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* Hyacean or Hyacique, based on Hyacinthus from Greek mythology.<ref>[https://bijoumikhawal.tumblr.com/post/188264317374/hyacique Tumblr post coining hyacean.]</ref>
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* Ganymedic, in honor of Ganymede from Greek mythology.<ref name=":0" />
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* Patroclean, in honor of Patroclus from Greek mythology.<ref name=":0" />
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* Sivanic, in honor of singer and YouTuber Troye Sivan.<ref name=":0" />
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* Tomic, in honor of erotic artist Tom of Finland.<ref name=":0" />
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* Vincic, in honor of inventor Leonardo da Vinci.<ref name=":0" />
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* [[Vincian]], also based on Leonardo da Vinci is occasionally used as another version of achillean, but is also used to refer to gay men (exclusive attraction).
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Known historical or no-longer used identities under the achillean umbrella include [[uranian]] and [[virescin]].
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== History ==
 
The word achillean has historically been used to describe things relating to the mythological figure Achilles. The first instance of achillean being used in the context of men attracted to men is in 1959 in A.C. Hamilton's scholarly article titled "Spenser's Treatment of Myth":
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<blockquote>''Guyon subdues these Achillean affections through his own power; but they break out again as Cymochles lapses into lust and Pyrochles burns in the idle lake.''<ref>[https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Achillean Wiktionary entry for achillean (quotation under definition four of achillean (adjective)).]</ref></blockquote>
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This usage predates the reclamation of the word "gay," previously only a derogatory term for homosexual men, as a synonym for self-identified and proud homosexual by the Gay Liberation Front by ten years.<ref>[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gay_liberation#1969 Wikipedia entry on the year 1969 in gay liberation history.]</ref>
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The resurgence of achillean is likely due to the the internet, specifically a post by Tumblr user asculan on June 13, 2016.<ref name=":0">[http://archive.is/c3Rag Archived Tumblr post on new MLM terms.]</ref>
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== Flag ==
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The original achillean flag was created by Tumblr user pridenpositivity in 2016.<ref>[https://archive.is/hIjCa Archived Tumblr post announcing the achillean flag.]</ref> The flag was redesigned by DeviantArt user Pride-Flags on October 5, 2016,<ref>[https://www.deviantart.com/pride-flags/art/Achillean-638170749 DeviantArt post with the current achillean flag.]</ref> which is widely accepted as the current achillean flag.
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Both flags have two blue stripes on the top and bottom representing men. In the center is a green carnation. In ancient Rome and 19th century England, green indicated gay affiliations. Victorian men would often pin a green carnation on their lapel, as popularized by author Oscar Wilde. In general, the achillean flag represents joy.
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A commonly used alternate flag, with a darker blue stripe and a green stripe with the same symbolism, was created by Reddit user Pacack on September 6, 2019.<ref>[https://www.reddit.com/r/vexillology/comments/d0ctq2/my_take_on_the_mlmachillean_pride_flag/ Reddit post on an alternate achillean flag.]</ref> In general, the achillean flag has been redesigned or tweaked many times since its creation.<ref name=":1">[https://mlmflags.carrd.co/#mlm-flags "MLM Flags!" Carrd entry on achillean flag variations.]</ref>
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The Blue Rose flags were made as alternative flags for achillean for those who don't like that term; the term and flags were designed by Twitter user CatColors<ref name=":1" /> sometime before April 30, 2021.<ref>[https://lgbtqiarchive.tumblr.com/post/649942228563886080 LGBTQIArchive on Tumblr: Blue rose MLM + Asterian combo for anon]</ref> The light blue at the top of the flag represents gay men. the sky blue after the light blue represents bisexual and pansexual men, the white/gray represents [[Gender Non-Conforming|GNC]] and non-binary MLM/NBLM, the light violet represents [[A-Spec|a-spec]] MLM, and the light purple represents [[Panpronominal|all pronoun]]/[[Neopronouns|neopronoun]] and [[xenogender]] MLM.<ref name=":1" />
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The MLM/NBLM flag by Twitter user R7YGUTZ was designed on September 11, 2020. The dark pink color at the top of the flag represents attraction and beauty, the purple represents MLM of color, the blue represents community and support, the turquoise represents acceptance, the light green represents [[Transgender|trans]], non-binary, and GNC MLM, the light orange represent peace and warmth, and the darker orange represents love and [[Romantic Attraction|romance]].<ref>[https://twitter.com/R7YGUTZ/status/1304520588770390022 R7YGUTZ on Twitter: MLM/NBLM Flag Post]</ref>
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The MLM flag by Twitter user infernalgraves was designed on July 1, 2020. The dull blue represents [[Masculine|masculinity]] and pride, the first periwinkle blue represents bravery and inner beauty, the white represents [[transmasculine]], non-binary, and GNC, the second periwinkle blue represents [[Sexual Orientation|sexuality]]/[[Romantic Orientation|romance]] and a-spec, and the dull pink represents femininity and love.<ref>[https://twitter.com/infernalgraves/status/1278494580527243264 infernalgraves on Twitter: MLM Flag Post]</ref>
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The MLM/NBLM flag by Twitter user MIGHTYHEGEMOL was designed on August 31, 2020. The light yellow represents GNC and trans men, the yellow represents joy, the green represents nature, the blue represents calmness, the darker blue represents finding peace, and the darkest blue represents healing.<ref>[https://twitter.com/MIGHTYHEGEMOL/status/1300510223807979524 MIGHTYHEGEMOL on Twitter: MLM Flag Post]</ref>
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== Etymology ==
 
The word ''achillean'' comes from the name of the hero in the ''Iliad'', Achilles, who was romantically involved with another man, Patroclus.
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== Gallery ==
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<gallery widths="185">
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Achillean.jpg|The original achillean flag.
 
Achillean flag.jpg|An alternate achillean flag.
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File:Blue Rose 1.jpg|Blue Rose MLM/NBLM flag
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File:Blue Rose 2.jpg|Blue Rose MLM/NBLM flag (without rose)
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File:Mlm (1) - 5000x3000px.png|MLM/NBLM flag by @R7YGUTZ
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File:MLM Alternate Flag.png|MLM flag by @infernalgraves
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File:MLM-NBLM Alt Flag.png|MLM/NBLM Flag by @MIGHTYHEGEMOL
 
</gallery>
 
</gallery>
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==Resources==
 
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==References==
 
<references />
 
<references />
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[[Category:Mia/Min Attraction]]

Latest revision as of 23:25, 21 June 2021

Achillean, also known as men-loving men (MLM), apollian, chaeronean, or wildean refers to a man or man-aligned person who is attracted to other men or man-aligned people. One may or may not be attracted to other genders as well. This attraction does not need to be exclusive, as the label is used in a way to unify under an umbrella all men who love other men, including gay (vincian or uranian) men, bisexual men, pansexual men, queer men, and other m-spec men, promoting solidarity among all of these identities.

The term can be used as a modifier combined with other identities to specify that one prioritizes their attraction to and relationships with other men. It may also be used as an identity on its own and may be particularly useful for people who know they are attracted to men but may be uncertain if they are attracted to other genders. It can also be used to describe a relationship between two men.

It can be used as the non-exclusive counterpart to vincian. Vincian and achillean are the men-loving-men counterpart to turian and floric.

All of the feminine counterparts to vincian, achillean, turian, and floric are lesbian, sapphic, faunic, and daunic, respectively.

The non-binary counterparts are diamoric and enbian.

Other Terms

There are many other terms used to refer to non-exclusive attraction to men, often referring to Ancient Greek and Roman literary figures as well as gay rights activists and artists since the 16th century. These terms include:

  • Apollian or Apollonian, in honor of the Ancient Greek and Roman deity Apollo.[1]
  • Wildean, in honor of writer Oscar Wilde.[2]
  • Chaeronean, based on the Order of Chaeronea was started in 1897 by early gay rights activist George Cecil Ives.[3][4]
  • Hyacean or Hyacique, based on Hyacinthus from Greek mythology.[5]
  • Ganymedic, in honor of Ganymede from Greek mythology.[6]
  • Patroclean, in honor of Patroclus from Greek mythology.[6]
  • Sivanic, in honor of singer and YouTuber Troye Sivan.[6]
  • Tomic, in honor of erotic artist Tom of Finland.[6]
  • Vincic, in honor of inventor Leonardo da Vinci.[6]
  • Vincian, also based on Leonardo da Vinci is occasionally used as another version of achillean, but is also used to refer to gay men (exclusive attraction).

Known historical or no-longer used identities under the achillean umbrella include uranian and virescin.

History

The word achillean has historically been used to describe things relating to the mythological figure Achilles. The first instance of achillean being used in the context of men attracted to men is in 1959 in A.C. Hamilton's scholarly article titled "Spenser's Treatment of Myth":

Guyon subdues these Achillean affections through his own power; but they break out again as Cymochles lapses into lust and Pyrochles burns in the idle lake.[7]

This usage predates the reclamation of the word "gay," previously only a derogatory term for homosexual men, as a synonym for self-identified and proud homosexual by the Gay Liberation Front by ten years.[8]

The resurgence of achillean is likely due to the the internet, specifically a post by Tumblr user asculan on June 13, 2016.[6]

Flag

The original achillean flag was created by Tumblr user pridenpositivity in 2016.[9] The flag was redesigned by DeviantArt user Pride-Flags on October 5, 2016,[10] which is widely accepted as the current achillean flag.

Both flags have two blue stripes on the top and bottom representing men. In the center is a green carnation. In ancient Rome and 19th century England, green indicated gay affiliations. Victorian men would often pin a green carnation on their lapel, as popularized by author Oscar Wilde. In general, the achillean flag represents joy.

A commonly used alternate flag, with a darker blue stripe and a green stripe with the same symbolism, was created by Reddit user Pacack on September 6, 2019.[11] In general, the achillean flag has been redesigned or tweaked many times since its creation.[12]

The Blue Rose flags were made as alternative flags for achillean for those who don't like that term; the term and flags were designed by Twitter user CatColors[12] sometime before April 30, 2021.[13] The light blue at the top of the flag represents gay men. the sky blue after the light blue represents bisexual and pansexual men, the white/gray represents GNC and non-binary MLM/NBLM, the light violet represents a-spec MLM, and the light purple represents all pronoun/neopronoun and xenogender MLM.[12]

The MLM/NBLM flag by Twitter user R7YGUTZ was designed on September 11, 2020. The dark pink color at the top of the flag represents attraction and beauty, the purple represents MLM of color, the blue represents community and support, the turquoise represents acceptance, the light green represents trans, non-binary, and GNC MLM, the light orange represent peace and warmth, and the darker orange represents love and romance.[14]

The MLM flag by Twitter user infernalgraves was designed on July 1, 2020. The dull blue represents masculinity and pride, the first periwinkle blue represents bravery and inner beauty, the white represents transmasculine, non-binary, and GNC, the second periwinkle blue represents sexuality/romance and a-spec, and the dull pink represents femininity and love.[15]

The MLM/NBLM flag by Twitter user MIGHTYHEGEMOL was designed on August 31, 2020. The light yellow represents GNC and trans men, the yellow represents joy, the green represents nature, the blue represents calmness, the darker blue represents finding peace, and the darkest blue represents healing.[16]

Etymology

The word achillean comes from the name of the hero in the Iliad, Achilles, who was romantically involved with another man, Patroclus.

Gallery

References

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